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Makkah Overview

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Makkah is the city that every Muslim makes lifelong plans to visit and perform Hajj. It is the holiest place in Islam and everyday Muslims perform their Salaath facing the direction of the The Holy Ka'aba, located in Makkah. This is the city where the Rasulullah (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam) was born and where he announced his prophethood.

 

Addressing Makkah, Prophet (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassalam) said "O Makkah! I swear by Allah that I am leaving you knowing that you are the most honourable and beloved city in Allah's sight. If only your residents had never forced me to leave, I would never have to leave you" <Tirmidhi, Hadith 3926>

The Holy Ka'aba and Masjid Al-Haram has been a destination for pilgrims from the time Ibrahim (Alaihis-salaam) reconstructed it along with Ismail (Alaihis-salaam). It will remain so until the end of this world. Every year, millions of Muslims from around the world gather in this holy city to perform the annual pilgrimage of Hajj.

Seeing the Ka'aba right in front of you is probably the most pleasing and heartwarming site for a Muslim, especially for the first time. Being in the sight of the Ka'aba and performing Salaath, Tawaf, supplicating, reciting the Quran, kissing the Hajar Aswad (black stone) and doing other acts of worship is a unique soul inspiring experience that one will never get elsewhere.

Some of the significant places in and around the The Holy Ka'ba include, the Multazam (The area between the Hajar Aswad and the door of the Ka'aba), the Hateem (The crescent shaped area next to the Ka'aba), Mizaab Rahmah (the water outlet attached to the roof of Ka'aba), Rukn Yamaani, the door of the Ka'aba, the Maqaam Ibraheem (alaihi-salaam), the well of Zam Zam, Mount Safa and Marwah.

The city and in particular the surrounding area of Masjid Al Haram is currently undergoing major changes to accommodate the ever increasing number of

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Saudi Arabia Info

ADMINISTRATIVE CAPITAL: Riyadh

COMMERCIAL CAPITAL: Jeddah

GEOGRAPHY

Bordering the Persain Gulf and the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia is the largest country of Arabia. It covers about 80% of the Arabian Peninsula and it is the 13th largest country of the world.

DEMOGRAPHY

A population of close to 25.7 Million. Muslims account for about 97% of the population.

CLIMATE

Extremely high day-time temperature and sharp temperature drop at night is observed. Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with an average summer temperature between 45°C to 54°C. In winter the temperature rarely drops below 0°C.

LANGUAGES SPOKEN

Arabic is the official language. English is widely used as well.

LOCAL TIME

GMT+3 hrs throughout the year

BUSINESS HOURS

Government: 7:30 AM to 2:30 PM
General: 8 AM to 6 PM
(Saturday to Wednesday are the working days of the week. Thursday & Friday are considered as weekends)

HOLIDAYS

National Day: September 23rd
Muslim Festivals (Based on the lunar calandar):
Id-ul-Fitr
Id-ul-Adha

CURRENCY

Saudi Riyal

IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS

Police/ Emergencies: 999
Medical: 997
Fire: 998
Accident Service: 993

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