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Madinah Al Munawwara Overview

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Madinah Al Munawwara is the city that was blessed to be the place where Prophet (Sallal-lahu-alaihi-wassallam) spent his last 10 years with his illustrious companions. The city that is so dear to every Muslim. The city, which has places that have great spiritual significance.

The most important site is the Prophet's (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam) Masjid, Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. The Masjid has very significant places such as the Rawdatul Jannah, the Minbar, Mukhallaqah column, Aisha (Radiallahu-anha) column, Abu Lubabah column and the Hujrah Al-Shareefah where Prophet (Sallal-lahu-alaihi-wassalam) is buried along with Abu Bakr and Umar (Radiallahu-anhum).

It has undergone a number extension and now can hold more than 600,000 worshippers. The masjid also houses a Library with thousands of books.

Adjacent to the Masjid is the Jannatul Baqi, the burial site of the family and companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam).

There are a number of other important and historic Masaajid in Madinah. Some of these include Masjid Quba, Masjid Jumah and the Masjid al-Qiblatain. The Masjid Quba was the first Masjid built by the Prophet (Sallallahu-aalihi-wassallam) in Madinah.

The Masjid Qiblatain is where Allah Tha'ala ordered the Prophet (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam) to turn his direction from the Masjid Aqsa in Jerusalem to the Holy Ka'aba while offering prayers. The Masjid Jumah is the place where the Prophet (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam) prayed the first Jumah Salaath.

At close distance from the city are the mountain and plain of Uhud where the famous battle took place. It is also the place where the burial ground of the 70 martyrs of the battle are located; the ground also has the grave of the Prophet's (Sallallahu-alaihi-wassallam) uncle Hamza (Radi-allahu-anhu).

Other places of significance include the battleground of Khandaq or the Trench and Masjid Meeqat. The Islamic University of Madinah is located in the outskirts of Madinah.

Visitors can relish cuisines from all around the world in Madinah. There are several Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Egyptian and Lebanese restaurants in the city. The streets around the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi are lined with shops and travelers can buy copies of the Holy Quran, prayer rugs, religious CD's, Tasbeeh and several souvenirs to carry home.

Before visiting Madinah, it is advisable to learn the etiquettes to be followed in visiting the religious and historic places in Madinah as well interacting with the Madinites, whose forefathers were Ansar & Muhajireen (Radiallahu-anhum)!

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Saudi Arabia Info

ADMINISTRATIVE CAPITAL: Riyadh

COMMERCIAL CAPITAL: Jeddah

GEOGRAPHY

Bordering the Persain Gulf and the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia is the largest country of Arabia. It covers about 80% of the Arabian Peninsula and it is the 13th largest country of the world.

DEMOGRAPHY

A population of close to 25.7 Million. Muslims account for about 97% of the population.

CLIMATE

Extremely high day-time temperature and sharp temperature drop at night is observed. Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with an average summer temperature between 45°C to 54°C. In winter the temperature rarely drops below 0°C.

LANGUAGES SPOKEN

Arabic is the official language. English is widely used as well.

LOCAL TIME

GMT+3 hrs throughout the year

BUSINESS HOURS

Government: 7:30 AM to 2:30 PM
General: 8 AM to 6 PM
(Saturday to Wednesday are the working days of the week. Thursday & Friday are considered as weekends)

HOLIDAYS

National Day: September 23rd
Muslim Festivals (Based on the lunar calandar):
Id-ul-Fitr
Id-ul-Adha

CURRENCY

Saudi Riyal

IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS

Police/ Emergencies: 999
Medical: 997
Fire: 998
Accident Service: 993

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