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Overview of cities along the Indus River

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Ibn Battuta took almost three to four months to cover the journey between the Hindu Kush Mountains and the Indus plain. It is mentioned that he reached the Indus River sometime in September 1333. It took him 15 days to cross the desert to the south of Ghazna to reach the Indus in the Larkana district in Sindh.

He crossed the Indus to make his way to Delhi. The Indus River flows through the full length of the country of Pakistan before it merges with the Arabian Sea. The area around the Indus River has been inhabited since centuries. About 1,052 cities and settlements have been found in the area.

Ibn Battuta also mentions about Indian Rhinoceros on the banks of the Indus River. The blind Indus River Dolphin is a sub species of the dolphin and is only found in the Indus River. On entering the Indus, officials would interrogate the visitors and they were directed to Multan to await the orders of Sultan. Instead of directly going to Multan Ibn Battuta preferred travelling the Sindh and exploring the lower Indus delta.

Sindh is one of the provinces that the Indus flows through. It is one of the four provinces in Pakistan and is locally known as Mehran. The province houses a rich heritage and has developed over the centuries. Sindh has several ancient sites worth visiting. The ruins of Mohenjo-daro are an explicit site to visit. The site is located close to the city of Larkana.

Thatta is another historic site along the Indus for travellers to visit; many of the attractions in the city are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Banbhore is an archaeological site of a town that was established in 325 BC. The Jamia Masjid was built by Shah Jehan, the Mughal Emperor. The Makli Tombs and Chaukani have several tombs. The Haleji Lake, Sunway Lagoon Water Park and Keenjhar Lake are popular places.

Karachi is capital of the Sindh Province and also the financial capital of the country. Located on the coastal Arabian Sea, there are several beaches and waterfronts where visitors can have a great time. Do not miss the Water Jet fountain, Bagh-e-Ibn-e-Qasim and the colonial buildings in the city. There are a number of museums like Quaid-e-Azam's Mausoleum and Museum, Pakistan Air Force Museum, Pakistan Maritime Museum, Mohatta palace Museum of regional history, National Museum of Pakistan and PIA Planetarium.

The Masjid e Tooba is listed in the largest single-domed masaajid in the world. The city also lists several amusement parks including Hill Park & Jheel Park, Aladdin Amusement Park, Go-Aish Adventure Park and Sindbad Amusement Park. Karachi is home to several shopping malls such as Millennium Mall, Dolmen Mall, Jumeirah Mall, Lavish Mall, etc.

Hyderabad is located on the site of the ruins of an ancient Mauryan village on the banks of the Indus. The Hyderabad Fort is the best landmark of the city. The Rani Bagh is the most popular park in the city. The northern part of the city has the tombs of Talpur Mirs and the Kalhora rulers. The Sindh Museum, Old Houses of Hirabad and Amil Colony and Badshahi Bungalow are other important sites in the city. The Shahi Bazaar in the city is one of the best places to shop in the city. The Masjid Noor Tikoni Masjid and Janat-ul-Firdous are the main masaajid in the city.

The city of Sukkur is located on the west bank of the Indus River and has several historic sites. Aror is the ruins of the old city, Tomb of Syed Sadar-Un-Din Shah, Tomb of Shah Khairuddin Jillani and Tomb of the Seven Maidens Sateen Jo Aastan are also located there. The Qasim Park, Ladies and Children Hill Park, Lab-e-Mehran and Jafry Manzil are located there as well.

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Pakistan Info

ADMINISTRATIVE CAPITAL: Islamabad

COMMERCIAL CAPITAL: Karachi

GEOGRAPHY

Pakistan is situated in Southern Asia bordering Afghanistan to the north-west and Iran to the west while China borders the country in the north and India to the east.

DEMOGRAPHY

A population of close to 177 Million. Muslims account for about 95% of the population.

CLIMATE

The climate of Pakistan is characterized by hot summers and cool winters and it is generally varied throughout the country. Summer temperatures  may go high as 38°C while in winter it may go low as 4°C.

LANGUAGES SPOKEN

Urdu and Englsih are the two official languages. Punjabi, Saraik and Pashto are widely used as well.

LOCAL TIME

GMT+5
Summer: GMT +6

BUSINESS HOURS

Government: 8 AM to 3 PM
General: 9 AM to 5 PM
(In many schools and enterprises, Friday is usually considered a half-day)


HOLIDAYS

Independence Day: August 14th
Pakistan Day: March 23rd
May Day: May 1st
Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam: December 25th

Muslim Festival (Based on the lunar calandar):
Id-ul-Fitr
Id-ul-Adha
Milad-un-Nabi

CURRENCY

Pakistani Rupee

IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS

Police/ Emergencies: 15
Medical: 115
Fire: 16

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