Ibn Battuta visited Baghdad in June 1327 travelling up the Tigris. He stayed in the city for two or three weeks. In his Rihla Ibn Batutta says "...then we travelled to Baghdad, the abode of Peace and Capital of Islam.."
Baghdad was one of the most important cities as a centre of learning and culture in the Muslim world for a few centuries. It was the seat of the Abbasid Caliphate until the destruction of the city by the Mongols. The Grand Library of Baghdad, also called the House of Wisdom, was completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion.
Although some of the artefacts have been stolen and some destroyed recently, the National Museum of Iraq still houses some historic artefacts and priceless collections.
Built sometime in the 12th century, the Abbasid Palace is one of the oldest buildings now in the city. Other historic buildings around this area are the Al-Mustansiriyah School and Saray Building.
The Baghdad Tower or the Ma'amoon Telecommunication Centre tower is considered as one of the highest points in the city. Other places of note include the Baghdadi Museum (a wax museum), the Al-Zawra'a Park, the Swords of Qadisiyah (a huge triumphal arch also known as the Hands of Victory), the Al-Shaheed Monument, the Khan Murjan, Al Kadhimain Masjid and the Monument to the Unknown Soldier.