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You are here: Esna, Edfu & Aydhab Overview

Esna, Edfu & Aydhab Overview

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Moving towards the port of Aydhab after leaving Qina, Ibn Battuta crossed the cities of Luxor, Esna and Edfu. From Esna he travelled a full day and a night crossing the desert to reach Edfu. Both these cities are located on the western bank of the Nile. In Edfu, Ibn Battuta crossed the Nile and journeyed with a group of Arab travellers to cross another stretch of desert reaching the city of Aydhab.

Arriving in Aydhab, Ibn Battuta and his convoy realized the complexity of the political situation and the problems in crossing the Red Sea, hence they returned back to Cairo to take another route.

Esna is located about 34 miles south of Luxor and is a lovely town with a lot of historical importance. In the heart of the city is the Temple of Khnum. This archaeological site dates back to the Greek period. There are other Roman ruins in the city including Kom Meir and the temple of Chnum. Esna has a lively market that attracts travellers. The Emari Masjid in the city is one of the oldest masaajid in Egypt. The masjid has a unique Islamic architecture and has undergone renovation a number of times. Halal food is easily available in Esna and travellers can try out some delicious local cuisines.

Edfu is located between Esna and Aswan and is known for its Ptolemaic temple, which was built between 237 BCE and 57 BCE. About 50m west of this ancient temple is the old settlement of Edfu. A lot of excavation is going on at the site of the ancient city. The main Masjid in the city is the Hoda-el-Islam Masjid. Edfu is located about 65 miles south of Luxor and has sugar and pottery factories. The Temple of Horus is the main site to see in Edfu. The markets of Edfu are amazing. Travellers love moving around the colourful markets and can buy a range of items and souvenirs.

In 1326 travelling from Edfu, Ibn Battuta along with his convoy reached the port city of Aydhab after fifteen days. Back in the ancient days, Aydhab was an important port on the Red Sea. Today the city is located in the disputed site of the Hala'ib triangle. The city was occupied by, the Beja before it was taken over by, Fatimid in the 10th century. The city served as an important destination for pilgrims travelling to perform Hajj from Africa to Makkah. Today the port no longer exists and the town is an abandoned site.

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Egypt Info



Egypt is the world's 30th largest country covering an area of 1,001,449 km2 . Twice the size of Spain, Egypt has coastlines on both the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.


A population of close to 80.8 Million. Muslims account for about 90% of the population.


Mostly it is hot and warm during the day and cool at night. In Summer an average temperature of 30 °C (86 °F) in the coastal regions of the country. Winter temperatures average between 13 °C (55 °F) and 21 °C (70 °F) with rain fall.


Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely used as well.


GMT+2 hrs throughout the year


Government: 8 AM to 3 PM
General: 9 AM to 5 PM

Independence Day: February 28th
Mother's Day: March 21st
May Day: May 1st
Egyptian Naval Day: October 21st

Muslim Festivals (Based on the lunar calandar):
Islamic New Year


Egyptian Pound


Police/ Emergencies: 122
Medical: 123
Fire: 180

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