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Cairo City Overview

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The largest city in Africa and the capital of Egypt, Cairo has also been named as "The City of a Thousand Minarets" because of the prominent Islamic architecture. For years the city has been the main political and cultural center. Situated on the River Nile, Cairo is famous for its history and the well-preserved Medieval Islamic City in Old Cairo.

The Ibn Tulun Masjid is the oldest Masaajid in the city and among the largest Masaajid in the world. The Al-Azhar Masjid is also one among the oldest Masaajid in the city. The Jummah Salaath is held between 12:00PM and 2:00PM. The sermon is conducted in Arabic and prayer facilities are available for females.

Most of the restaurants in Cairo serve Halal food. Relish some local delicacies including fatir, muzagga, kushari, taa'miya and shawarma. Some of the popular restaurants in Cairo are Abou El Sid, Abou Shakra, Dar Al-Qamar, Mo'men chain and Cook Door.

Located in the southern district of Cairo is the Old Cairo, which is also called as Coptic Cairo. It is the oldest part of the city and has several historic landmarks including Hanging Church, Coptic Museum and the Amr ibn al-As Masjid. Also visit the Islamic Art Museum, and Coptic Museum in Old Cairo.

In the center of the city in Midan Tahrir is the Egyptian Museum, housing historic artifacts. About a kilometer from the Midan Tahrir is the Abdeen Palace. The Islamic Cairo has a grand castle built by, Salah Al-Din the Citadel. Visitors can stroll around the castle; there are also two Masaajid, the Al-Gawhara Palace, National Military Museum and Police Museum inside the Citadel. Other attractions in the Islamic Cairo include the Bayt al-Sihaymi, Qalawun Complex, Al-Azhar Park and Muqattam Hills.

Travelers can enjoy some exclusive views from the Cairo Tower on Gezira Island. When in Cairo travelers can find easy access to Giza to see the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, which is the only monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that is still intact.

Cairo has a few parks where visitors can enjoy some peaceful time. Some of these parks are Hadiqat Al Orman, Hadiqat Al Azbakiya, Merryland, El Hadiqa El Dawliya and the Giza Zoo. Also visit the Cairo Botanical Gardens and enjoy watching horse racing at the Gezira Club in Zamalek. The Dream-park, and Magic land are the two theme parks in Cairo. Travelers can also watch Sufi Dancing at the Al-Ghouri Mausoleum or watch concerts at the Cultural Wheel. Take a ride on the Falucca (an ancient boat) on the Nile.

Visitors can find some attractive deals in Cairo including carpets, jewelry, bronze items, leather good, etc. Citystars is the premier shopping mall in Cairo. Khan El Khalili is a must visit bazaar. Other places to shop are Zamalek, Midan Talaat Harb and Midan Ataba.

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Egypt Info

ADMINISTRATIVE / COMMERCIAL CAPITAL: Cairo

GEOGRAPHY

Egypt is the world's 30th largest country covering an area of 1,001,449 km2 . Twice the size of Spain, Egypt has coastlines on both the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

DEMOGRAPHY

A population of close to 80.8 Million. Muslims account for about 90% of the population.

CLIMATE

Mostly it is hot and warm during the day and cool at night. In Summer an average temperature of 30 °C (86 °F) in the coastal regions of the country. Winter temperatures average between 13 °C (55 °F) and 21 °C (70 °F) with rain fall.

LANGUAGES SPOKEN

Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely used as well.

LOCAL TIME

GMT+2 hrs throughout the year

BUSINESS HOURS

Government: 8 AM to 3 PM
General: 9 AM to 5 PM

HOLIDAYS
Independence Day: February 28th
Mother's Day: March 21st
May Day: May 1st
Egyptian Naval Day: October 21st

Muslim Festivals (Based on the lunar calandar):
Milad-un-Nabi
Id-ul-Fitr
Id-ul-Adha
Islamic New Year

CURRENCY

Egyptian Pound

IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS

Police/ Emergencies: 122
Medical: 123
Fire: 180

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